What Makes The Kidney Shrink

Kidney Shrink

Kidney Shrink

If one kidney is small and the other one is completely normal, it is usually possible to lead a normal life without problems. However, if both kidneys are small, there may be kidney failure. Also, the one small kidney can cause problems such as high blood pressure, even if the other kidney is normal. Therefore people who are found to have a small kidney normally have some medical tests performed to see whether further treatment or observation over a period of time is necessary.

An infection in a kidney can cause it to shrink. Normally kidney infections do not cause permanent damage to a kidney, or leave a small scarred area in the kidney. Occasionally, though, a severe kidney infection (acute pyelonephritis) can damage the kidney so much that it becomes small. An infection bad enough to cause this may occur in someone with reflux nephropathy.

Surgical removal of a small kidney is often performed, but is not always necessary. If a small kidney is causing no problems there is no need to remove it. If the kidney is causing pain or recurrent infection, or is suspected to be a cause of high blood pressure, removal may be indicated. Doctors are usually reluctant to remove a kidney that is doing useful work, even if it is causing some trouble, in case a problem develops with the better kidney in the future. If a small kidney is providing more than 25% (one quarter) of the total level of kidney function (this can be measured using a test called a radioisotope scan), doctors often suggest trying to control any problems caused by the kidney with drugs (such as long term antibiotics for infection), before removing the kidney.


Can i Have a Baby With Polycystic Kidney Disease

Can i Have a Baby With Polycystic Kidney Disease

Can i Have a Baby With Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic Kidney Disease is inherited kidney disease that progresses slowly. If it develops into worse condition, it may affect your life in many aspects, such as pregnancy, lifespan etc.

PKD and Pregnancy

PKD patients are suggested to have a baby on the condition of stable kidney function. Due to the disease, pregnancy will overload the kidneys more, which may be a trigger of progressive kidney failure. This is dangerous for both mother-to-be and fetus.

Before you plan to have a baby, you are suggested to manage well preparation for it, including improving kidney function, controlling blood pressure and seeing your doctor at a regular basis.

Will I Pass PKD Genes on My Children?

PKD comes into two forms, autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD). In ADPKD, an affected parent has 50% chance of passing the disease to his or her child. And if both parents have the disease, the affected possibility of their children will go up to 75%.

Additionally, there is a 10% rate of spontaneous mutation for ADPKD.

ARPKD, the rarer form of polycystic kidney disease, is inherited from both parents and affects between 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 40,000 babies.

Polycystic Kidney Disease and Life Expectancy

There is not a standard answer for Polycystic Kidney Disease Life Expectancy. Some patients will live their whole lives without developing into End Stage Kidney Disease. However, some others develop into kidney failure within several years, which affects their life and lifespan a lot.

PKD can cause Kidney Failure in more than 50% of the patients who have it. And most of these patients develop into kidney failure before they are at the age of 50s to 60s.

Not all patients’ life are affected by PKD greatly. Talking with your doctor about the lifestyle and treatment on the basis of your individual condition will help slow down the course of PKD.

Top 4 Opinions Of PKD

cold of pkd

Cold of PKD

1.Prevent catching cold.

PKD is a hereditary disease which will accompany the patients for lifelong time. Cold and infections will speed up the progressing of the disease.

2.Prevent physical traumas.

The multiple cysts in the kidneys will experience progressive enlargement and increase the capsule internal pressure. In such case, any light trauma like bump, sprain will further increase the pressure and have impact on large cysts which will cause the cysts to rupture and bleed.

3.Well control of hypertension.

High blood pressure will speed up renal damages and cause cerebrovascular damages, therefore it is important to bring the blood pressure well under control for slowing down the deterioration of renal function.

4. Eat healthily.

Keep away from alcohol and cigarettes. Spicy food, greasy food, sea food and strong tea or coffee are also stimulating. If you take too much, the enlargement of the cysts will be fast.

there have many kidney disease Opinions in kidney failure web

What Causes of Hypertensive Nephropathy

What Causes of Hypertensive Nephropathy

What Causes of Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertensive nephropathy is kidney dysfunction caused by persistent high blood pressure. This is a common form of renal disease and is a frequent cause of damage so severe that the patient requires renal dialysis to take over for failing kidneys. There are some measures available to prevent hypertensive nephropathy, or to address the damage early to improve quality of life for the patient. It may be necessary to visit a renal specialist to get a review of the most current and effective treatment options.

Patients at risk for hypertensive nephropathy are usually easy to identify. They have consistently high blood pressure and may experience other health problems in addition to kidney issues, because hypertension is also hard on the heart and lungs. Such patients may benefit from measures to reduce blood pressure, including diet and exercise modifications as well as medications to force the pressure down. If the patient doesn’t adhere to treatment or does not respond, the risk of complications like hypertensive nephropathy can increase.

1, Hypertension’s control by itself, the degree of controlment of hypertension is related with kidney disease, including IgA nephropathy.

2, Proteinuria, the more quantity of proteinuria is discharged, the more quickly slow down of glomerular filtration rate. But high blood pressure can speed it.

3, Patients’ kidney function, according to researches, if patients have had hypertension nephropathy already, even blood pressure is controlled in normal number, kidney function also decline rapidly.

4, Abnormal blood lipids, too high triglyceride or too low HDL have a relationship with hypertension nephropathy.

What Are Causes Of Renal Failure

What Are Causes Of Renal FailureRenal failure occurs when the kidneys fail to perform their regular function of filtering the wastes from blood and maintaining acid base and mineral balance in the body.

Renal failure can be acute or rapid or sudden in onset where it is termed acute renal failure or acute renal insufficiency. When renal failure occurs after long term kidney disease, it is called chronic renal failure.

Causes of Chronic Renal Failure

The most common causes of chronic renal failure in North America are diabetes mellitus (type 1 or type 2 diabetes) and high blood pressure. The most common cause of end-stage renal failure worldwide is IgA nephropathy (an inflammatory disease of the kidney).

One of the complications resulting from diabetes or high blood pressure is the damage to the small blood vessels in the body. The blood vessels in the kidneys also become damaged, resulting in CKD.

Other common causes of chronic renal failure include:

recurring pyelonephritis (kidney infection)

polycystic kidney disease (multiple cysts in the kidneys)

autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus

hardening of the arteries, which can damage blood vessels in the kidney

urinary tract blockages and reflux, due to frequent infections, stones, or an anatomical abnormality that happened at birth

excessive use of medications that are metabolized through the kidneys

High Blood Pressure and Kidney Disease

Blood pressure measures the force of blood against the walls of the blood vessels. Extra fluid in the body increases the amount of fluid in blood vessels and makes blood pressure higher. Narrow, stiff, or clogged blood vessels also raise blood pressure.

How does high blood pressure hurt the kidneys?

High blood pressure makes the heart work harder and, over time, can damage blood vessels throughout the body. If the blood vessels in the kidneys are damaged, they may stop removing wastes and extra fluid from the body. The extra fluid in the blood vessels may then raise blood pressure even more. It’s a dangerous cycle.

High blood pressure is one of the leading causes of kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD). People with kidney failure must either receive a kidney transplant or have regular blood-cleansing treatments called dialysis.

Kidney disease can lead to high blood pressure in many people. The opposite is also true: having high blood pressure increases the risk of developing kidney disease. High blood pressure can damage the kidneys. This reduces the kidneys’ ability to remove fluids and waste products from the blood, and can lead to kidney failure. When the kidneys fail, their function needs to be replaced, either through dialysis treatments or a kidney transplant.

Proper control of high blood pressure can prevent many of its complications. If high blood pressure is not well-controlled, it can increase the chance of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, kidney failure and damage to the blood vessels of the legs leading to amputation.

If you have diabetes as well as high blood pressure, you must be especially careful about good blood pressure control. For people with kidney disease, good blood pressure control can slow down the decrease in kidney function.

Diabetes And Kidney Disease

Diabetes is the most common cause of kidney failure, accounting for nearly 44 percent of new cases.Even when diabetes is controlled, the disease can lead to CKD and kidney failure. Most people with diabetes do not develop CKD that is severe enough to progress to kidney failure. Nearly 24 million people in the United States have diabetes, and nearly 180,000 people are living with kidney failure as a result of diabetes.

The body converts the food we eat into sugar (glucose). The body needs this sugar, in the form of energy, to perform its functions. The hormone insulin, produced by the pancreas, regulates the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood. If the body lacks insulin or does not use the insulin properly, then this imbalance results in high blood sugar. Eventually many unhealthy changes can occur in different body organs, including the kidneys.

How diabetes affects the kidneys

Damage to blood vessels

Even with the use of injected insulin, people who have had diabetes for some time often suffer from damage to the small blood vessels of the body. This may cause damage to the retina of the eye and result in loss of vision. Also, the delicate blood vessels in the filters of the kidney may be damaged. At the early stage, this damage is shown by finding protein in the urine.

Sometimes at a later stage, so much protein is lost from the blood that water from the blood moves into the body tissues and causes swelling (edema). After a number of years, the kidneys’ filters can become so damaged by diabetes that the kidneys fail.

Damage to nerves

Diabetes can also damage the nerves in many parts of the body. When the bladder is affected, it may be difficult to pass urine. The pressure from urine building up in the bladder can damage the kidneys.


The urine of people with diabetes has a high sugar content. This encourages the growth of bacteria and kidney infections may occur. People with diabetes must take special care to avoid infections and have them treated immediately.

Types of diabetes

There are several types of diabetes. The most common ones are Type 1 and Type 2.

Type 1 – Juvenile Onset Diabetes

Develops mainly in young people

Is caused by an inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin

Requires regular insulin injections

Type 2 – Adult Onset Diabetes

Usually develops in people after their teenage years

The pancreas can produce insulin, but the body has difficulty using it properly

Treatments include diet, exercise and medication (pills, insulin injections or both)