What Smoking Can harm To Your Kidneys

What Smoking Can harm To Your Kidneys

What Smoking Can harm To Your Kidneys

The harmful effects of smoking are widely known because it has been proven time and time again that the habit is linked to fatal conditions such as lung cancer, pulmonary disease, and coronary heart disease. It also reduces the ability to smell and taste and is said to cause premature wrinkling of the skin. However, what most people don’t know is that smoking affects the kidneys too. Yes, you heard it right. It does not just affect your lungs in particular, but it also hits your Kidneys too.

According to WebMD, active and passive smoking can cause harmful effects to kidneys and to those who already have a kidney disease, they are contributing to the progress of their condition through smoking. Basically, the harmful effects of smoking to our kidneys are:

Accelerate the loss of kidney function.

Reduce blood flow to the kidneys.

Increase heart rate and blood pressure.

Narrowing of blood vessels in the kidneys.

Damage to branches of arteries.

This may not sound so threatening or scary because of the impression that little is known about such cases and we don’t ever hear anyone dying from a Kidney disease because of excessive smoking. Yes, that may seem correct and true but who knows? Indications may not be visible right now but if you continue to smoke or be surrounded with smokers, it could hit you unexpectedly. It is best if you start to take care of your kidneys and all the other parts of your body before it’s too late. You know what they say, prevention is better than cure.

For those who already have a kidney disease like kidney stones or chronic kidney disease, it is best to not disregard this information. One stick of cigarette may not be alarming to you, but remember that one stick of cigarette contains more than 7,000 different harmful chemicals such as tar, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide along with the addictive nicotine. Many of these chemicals are chemically active and can trigger both small and big changes in our body which do us more harm than good.

Furthermore, we all know that it’s hard to quit smoking or it’s hard to make our family members to quit smoking for the basic reason that it is truly addictive. Yes, that is right. However, there are ways to quit smoking. There may not be an easy way out, but there is a way if self-discipline is put first and implemented well. If you happen to think of quitting, here are some tips that might help you:

Talk to your doctor for any advices and ask him or her if there’s anything that could replace nicotine that’s not harmful to your system.

Encourage and motivate yourself to not give in when you crave. You can use alternatives such as chewing gum or candy, converse with friends and family members and try to find a different habit (that is safe, of course!).

Encourage and motivate yourself by joining quit-smoking programs.

Look for a new hobby that can keep your mind busy.

Keep trying and trying until you finally find yourself free from smoking.

The first try may be the hardest but you have to put it in your mind and heart that this is only for your own good and for the sake of the people who love and care for you, because when the time comes that you will be suffering from a disease, they will also suffer emotionally too. So stop smoking and give yourself an opportunity to enjoy life longer with the people you love and have a happier and healthier kidney too!


What Makes The Kidney Shrink

Kidney Shrink

Kidney Shrink

If one kidney is small and the other one is completely normal, it is usually possible to lead a normal life without problems. However, if both kidneys are small, there may be kidney failure. Also, the one small kidney can cause problems such as high blood pressure, even if the other kidney is normal. Therefore people who are found to have a small kidney normally have some medical tests performed to see whether further treatment or observation over a period of time is necessary.

An infection in a kidney can cause it to shrink. Normally kidney infections do not cause permanent damage to a kidney, or leave a small scarred area in the kidney. Occasionally, though, a severe kidney infection (acute pyelonephritis) can damage the kidney so much that it becomes small. An infection bad enough to cause this may occur in someone with reflux nephropathy.

Surgical removal of a small kidney is often performed, but is not always necessary. If a small kidney is causing no problems there is no need to remove it. If the kidney is causing pain or recurrent infection, or is suspected to be a cause of high blood pressure, removal may be indicated. Doctors are usually reluctant to remove a kidney that is doing useful work, even if it is causing some trouble, in case a problem develops with the better kidney in the future. If a small kidney is providing more than 25% (one quarter) of the total level of kidney function (this can be measured using a test called a radioisotope scan), doctors often suggest trying to control any problems caused by the kidney with drugs (such as long term antibiotics for infection), before removing the kidney.

Can i Have a Baby With Polycystic Kidney Disease

Can i Have a Baby With Polycystic Kidney Disease

Can i Have a Baby With Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic Kidney Disease is inherited kidney disease that progresses slowly. If it develops into worse condition, it may affect your life in many aspects, such as pregnancy, lifespan etc.

PKD and Pregnancy

PKD patients are suggested to have a baby on the condition of stable kidney function. Due to the disease, pregnancy will overload the kidneys more, which may be a trigger of progressive kidney failure. This is dangerous for both mother-to-be and fetus.

Before you plan to have a baby, you are suggested to manage well preparation for it, including improving kidney function, controlling blood pressure and seeing your doctor at a regular basis.

Will I Pass PKD Genes on My Children?

PKD comes into two forms, autosomal dominant PKD (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive PKD (ARPKD). In ADPKD, an affected parent has 50% chance of passing the disease to his or her child. And if both parents have the disease, the affected possibility of their children will go up to 75%.

Additionally, there is a 10% rate of spontaneous mutation for ADPKD.

ARPKD, the rarer form of polycystic kidney disease, is inherited from both parents and affects between 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 40,000 babies.

Polycystic Kidney Disease and Life Expectancy

There is not a standard answer for Polycystic Kidney Disease Life Expectancy. Some patients will live their whole lives without developing into End Stage Kidney Disease. However, some others develop into kidney failure within several years, which affects their life and lifespan a lot.

PKD can cause Kidney Failure in more than 50% of the patients who have it. And most of these patients develop into kidney failure before they are at the age of 50s to 60s.

Not all patients’ life are affected by PKD greatly. Talking with your doctor about the lifestyle and treatment on the basis of your individual condition will help slow down the course of PKD.

Top 4 Opinions Of PKD

cold of pkd

Cold of PKD

1.Prevent catching cold.

PKD is a hereditary disease which will accompany the patients for lifelong time. Cold and infections will speed up the progressing of the disease.

2.Prevent physical traumas.

The multiple cysts in the kidneys will experience progressive enlargement and increase the capsule internal pressure. In such case, any light trauma like bump, sprain will further increase the pressure and have impact on large cysts which will cause the cysts to rupture and bleed.

3.Well control of hypertension.

High blood pressure will speed up renal damages and cause cerebrovascular damages, therefore it is important to bring the blood pressure well under control for slowing down the deterioration of renal function.

4. Eat healthily.

Keep away from alcohol and cigarettes. Spicy food, greasy food, sea food and strong tea or coffee are also stimulating. If you take too much, the enlargement of the cysts will be fast.

there have many kidney disease Opinions in kidney failure web

Exercise For Type 2 Diabetes

Exercise For Type 2 Diabetes


Exercise plays a role on prevention of type 2 diabetes. How to build exercise plan for type 2 diabetes with diabetic foot is an important thing to do. Here are some principles of exercise from ADA and ACSM.

1. Know your condition.

Before you begin an exercise plan, you need to consult your doctor who knows more about your condition. You are advised not to do some exercise which are not helpful to you.

2. Choose a personalized exercise

You can choose a sport that you are fond of and persist. In general, walk is the best sport for type 2 diabetes. Table tennis or badminton is an alternative sport for them. Swimming also helps to control diabetes. Therefore, diabetics need to choose one sports which they love.

3. Adjust your exercise plan

Diabetes patients can start from 10 minutes exercise and gradually, last 30 minutes. And you also need to adjust your exercise plan according to the condition and blood sugar level.

3. Find a proper shoes

For diabetics with diabetes foot, they should find proper and comfortable shoes. After exercising, you need to wash your foot clean and make sure it dry. But remember that do not exercise when you have open sores on your feet.

Exercise is a better way to help you control blood sugar and lose weight. If you have diabetic foot, consult your doctor who will recommend some exercise which is suitable to you.

What Is Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease (CKD), also known as chronic renal disease, is a progressive loss in renal function over a period of months or years. The symptoms of worsening kidney function are unspecific, and might include feeling generally unwell and experiencing areduced appetite. Often, chronic kidney disease is diagnosed as a result of screening of people known to be at risk of kidney problems, such as those with high blood pressure or diabetes and those with a blood relative with chronic kidney disease. Chronic kidney disease may also be identified when it leads to one of its recognized complications, such as cardiovascular disease, anemia or pericarditis.

Chronic kidney disease includes conditions that damage your kidneys and decrease their ability to keep you healthy by doing the jobs listed. If kidney disease gets worse, wastes can build to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications like high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. Also, kidney disease increases your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen slowly over a long period of time. Chronic kidney disease may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse. When kidney disease progresses, it may eventually lead to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life.

The most common causes of CKD are diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and glomerulonephritis.Together, these cause approximately 75% of all adult cases. Certain geographic areas have a high incidence of HIV nephropathy

Other conditions that affect the kidneys are:

Glomerulonephritis, a group of diseases that cause inflammation and damage to the kidney’s filtering units. These disorders are the third most common type of kidney disease.

Inherited diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease, which causes large cysts to form in the kidneys and damage the surrounding tissue.

Malformations that occur as a baby develops in its mother’s womb. For example, a narrowing may occur that prevents normal outflow of urine and causes urine to flow back up to the kidney. This causes infections and may damage the kidneys.

Lupus and other diseases that affect the body’s immune system.

Obstructions caused by problems like kidney stones , tumors or an enlarged prostate gland in men.

Repeated urinary infections.

What are the symptoms of CKD ?

feel more tired and have less energy

have trouble concentrating

have a poor appetite

have trouble sleeping

have muscle cramping at night

have swollen feet and ankles

have puffiness around your eyes, especially in the morning

have dry, itchy skin

need to urinate more often, especially at night.

Anyone can get chronic kidney disease at any age. However, some people are more likely than others to develop kidney disease. You may have an increased risk for kidney disease if you:

have diabetes

have high blood pressure

have a family history of chronic kidney disease

belong to a population group that has a high rate of diabetes or high blood pressure, such as African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian, Pacific Islanders, and American Indians.

What Causes of Hypertensive Nephropathy

What Causes of Hypertensive Nephropathy

What Causes of Hypertensive Nephropathy

Hypertensive nephropathy is kidney dysfunction caused by persistent high blood pressure. This is a common form of renal disease and is a frequent cause of damage so severe that the patient requires renal dialysis to take over for failing kidneys. There are some measures available to prevent hypertensive nephropathy, or to address the damage early to improve quality of life for the patient. It may be necessary to visit a renal specialist to get a review of the most current and effective treatment options.

Patients at risk for hypertensive nephropathy are usually easy to identify. They have consistently high blood pressure and may experience other health problems in addition to kidney issues, because hypertension is also hard on the heart and lungs. Such patients may benefit from measures to reduce blood pressure, including diet and exercise modifications as well as medications to force the pressure down. If the patient doesn’t adhere to treatment or does not respond, the risk of complications like hypertensive nephropathy can increase.

1, Hypertension’s control by itself, the degree of controlment of hypertension is related with kidney disease, including IgA nephropathy.

2, Proteinuria, the more quantity of proteinuria is discharged, the more quickly slow down of glomerular filtration rate. But high blood pressure can speed it.

3, Patients’ kidney function, according to researches, if patients have had hypertension nephropathy already, even blood pressure is controlled in normal number, kidney function also decline rapidly.

4, Abnormal blood lipids, too high triglyceride or too low HDL have a relationship with hypertension nephropathy.